IN THE WARSAW TREATY ORGANIZATION.
DOCUMENTS (1954-1968), Second
Petre Opriş and Gavriil Preda have published the second
volume of an archival-based collection documenting the sometimes contentious
relationship between Romania and the Warsaw Pact (112 documents from 1962 to
1968). Published by the
National Institute for the Study of
Totalitarianism in Bucharest, the entire collection focuses on the
period 1954-1968. First tome was published in 2008 and it contains 131
documents from 1954 to 1961. For more information,
contact Petre Opriş (email@example.com).
The establishment of the Warsaw Treaty
Organization (WTO) on 14 May 1955 represented a highly significant event in
the dynamic of the Cold War. Following the official emergence of a USSR-led
political-military alliance on the European continent, the existing tensions
between the superpowers of the time, the USA and the USSR, as well as between
the European states divided by the Iron Curtain deepened.
For the political and military leaders
of the states within the socialist camp, the establishment of the Warsaw
Treaty Organization was not a surprise. The organizational, doctrinal and
logistical standardisation of the Polish, Czechoslovak, Hungarian, Romanian
and Bulgarian armed forces began as early as 1951. The Soviet military model
imposed by Josef Stalin at “The Conference of representatives of the people’s
democratic states” (Moscow, 9-12 January 1951) was enforced in all those
countries between 1951 and 1954.
As soon as the Warsaw Treaty
Organization was officially established in May 1955, the plan of creating
Soviet-like armed forces in every member state of that alliance entered a new
Romania’s inclusion on the list of WTO’s founding states was not a surprise.
Soviet troops had been stationed in Romania since 1944, and in 1951 the
Romanian political and military leaders were enforcing the Soviet standards in
the Romanian armed forces, according to the program which Josef Stalin had